Effect of Radiographic Contrast Media Shortage on Stroke Evaluation in the United States
Background and purpose: We performed this study to identify the effect of the nationwide iodinated contrast media shortage due to reduction in GE Healthcare production, initiated on April 19, 2022, on the evaluation of patients with stroke.
Materials and methods: We analyzed the data on 72,514 patients who underwent imaging processed with commercial software in a sample of 399 hospitals in United States from February 28, 2022, through July 10, 2022. We quantified the percentage change in the daily number of CTAs and CTPs performed before and after April 19, 2022.
Results: The daily counts of individual patients who underwent CTAs decreased (a 9.6% reduction, P = .002) from 1.584 studies per day per hospital to 1.433 studies per day per hospital. The daily counts of individual patients who underwent CTPs decreased (a 25.9% reduction, P = .003) from 0.484 studies per day per hospital to 0.358 studies per day per hospital. A significant reduction in CTPs using GE Healthcare contrast media (43.06%, P < .001) was seen but not in CTPs using non-GE Healthcare contrast media (increase by 2.93%, P = .29). The daily counts of individual patients with large-vessel occlusion decreased (a 7.69% reduction) from 0.124 per day per hospital to 0.114 per day per hospital.
Conclusions: Our analysis reported changes in the use of CTA and CTP in patients with acute ischemic stroke during the contrast media shortage. Further research needs to identify effective strategies to reduce the reliance on contrast media-based studies such as CTA and CTP without compromising patient outcomes.
Qureshi, A. I., Grintal, A., DeGaetano, A. C., Goren, M., Lodhi, A., Golan, D., & Hassan, A. E. (2023). Effect of Radiographic Contrast Media Shortage on Stroke Evaluation in the United States. AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology, 44(8), 901–907. https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A7924
AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology