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OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Determine if the Conserved Transcriptional Response to Adversity transcriptomic profile established in primary blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of chronically stress caregivers, is present in individuals with early Alzheimer’s disease. Chronic stress is a risk factor for Alzheimer’s, and may be an untapped biomarker for disease risk and pathology.

METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: To collect preliminary data on the Conserved Transcriptional Response to Adversity profile in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, we were able to utilize primary blood mononuclear cell samples from a small open label pilot study called Senolytic Therapy to Modulate the Progression of Alzheimer’s Disease, designed to clear stressed senescent cells. We hypothesized senolytics may beneficially reverse this stress profile. We developed a NanoString assay (measuring 19 inflammatory, 31 type-1 interferon, and 3 antibody synthesis genes) to compare these transcriptomic changes within 4 individuals measured at baseline, post-treatment with an intermittent 12-week senolytic therapy, and at an optional extended post-treatment follow-up time point > 3 months after their post treatment visit.

RESULTS/ANTICIPATED RESULTS: There was relative downregulation of expression in transcription in 7 of 19 measured inflammatory genes (FOS, PTGS2, IL8, FOS, Il1b, JUNB, and JUN) in Alzheimer’s disease participants after receiving senolytic treatment (baseline vs. post-treatment). This is consistent with a decrease in the inflammatory arm of the Conserved Transcriptional Response to Adversity profile. These differences were not significant between baseline and the extended follow-up, indicative of a transient effect of senolytic. There were no changes in type 1 interferon or antibody synthesis genes. This data provides preliminary evidence for larger controlled studies to further establish this profile in Alzheimer’s disease, providing exciting evidence for transcript changes that may be reproducible with senolytic therapy.

DISCUSSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Literature relevant to Alzheimer’s disease indicates global increases in inflammation paired with deficits in immune response, capturing some genes associated with the Conserved Transcriptional Response to Adversity. This profile may be a useful biomarker for prediction of disease severity or risk of dementia due to chronic stress.


© The Author(s), 2023.

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

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Journal of Clinical and Translational Science



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