School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Cultural contexts in neurodegenerative disorders: Exploring associations between living conditions, social factors, and biomarkers among Hispanic subgroups

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Conference Proceeding

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Background: As of 2022, the Hispanic population represents the biggest minority group in the United States of America, accounting for 19% of the population (USA Census Bureau, 2023). Hispanics face many challenges, among them higher-than-average adverse health outcomes such as increased obesity, hypertension, neurodegenerative diseases, and poor healthcare access. Those who reside in institutions have an increased risk of developing adverse health outcomes. Social researchers have advocated that the Hispanic community would be better understood if they were studied as a subgroup instead of categorizing this community into one group (Weinick et al., 2004). The current study aims to describe the relationship between institutional living, tau biomarkers, and different adverse health outcomes among Hispanic subgroups.

Method: The present study will utilize data from +47,000 individuals in the NACC dataset to conduct a Kendal tau correlation analysis heatmap to describe the relationship between tau biomarkers, Hispanic subgroups, and the following adverse health outcomes: dementia, hypertension, diabetes, B12 deficiency, insomnia, alcohol, depression, anxiety, memory, orientation, depression severity, anxiety severity, and dementia.

Result: The results revealed that Mexicans had a higher correlation in comparison with other Hispanic subgroups for dementia (τb = .334, p

Conclusion: The NACC dataset provides valuable information of health outcomes of older adults in the United States of America. To our knowledge, this is the first study to describe the differences and similarities of Hispanic subgroups in the United States of America.


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