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Background: The Bernese Periacetabular Osteotomy (PAO) has become a popular surgery for fixing development dysplasia of the hip, yet the most common concerns of the PAO population remains ambiguous. The aim of this study was to investigate Facebook, Instagram and Twitter to further understand what the most common preoperative and postoperative questions patients undergoing PAO are asking. We hypothesized most questions would be asked by patients in the preoperative timeframe with regards to education surrounding PAO surgery.

Methods: Facebook, Instagram and Twitter were queried consecutively from February 1, 2023 to November 23, 2011. Facebook was searched for the two most populated interest groups; "Periacetabular Osteotomy (PAO)" and "Periacetabular Osteotomy Australia". Instagram and Twitter were queried for the most popular hashtags: "#PAOwarrior", "#PAOsurgery", "#periacetabularosteotomy", "#periacetabularosteotomyrecovery", and "#paorecovery". Patient questions were categorized according to preoperative and postoperative questions. Questions were further placed into specific themes in their respective preoperative or postoperative question types.

Results: Two thousand five hundred and fifty-nine posts were collected, with 849 (33%) posts containing 966 questions. Of the 966 questions, 443 (45.9%) and 523 (54.1%) were preoperative and postoperative questions, respectively. The majority of questions were postoperative complication related (23%) and symptom management (21%). Other postoperative questions included recovery/rehabilitation (21%), and general postoperative questions (18%). The most common preoperative questions were related to PAO education (23%). Rehabilitation (19%), hip dysplasia education (17%), and surgeon selection (12%) were other preoperative questions topics included. Most questions came from Facebook posts. Of 1,054 Facebook posts, 76% were either preoperative or postoperative questions and from the perspective of the patient (87%).

Conclusion: The majority of patients in the PAO population sought advice on postoperative complications and symptom management. Some patients asked about education surrounding PAO surgery. Understanding the most common concerns and questions patients have can help providers educate patients and focus on more patient-relevant perioperative conversations.


© The Author(s) 2024. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Title

BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders



Academic Level

medical student

Mentor/PI Department


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Orthopedics Commons



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