Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-24-2019

Abstract

Introduction Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority group in the United States. The prevalence of depression and co-morbid depression in the Hispanic population is well-recognized. The positive association between physical activity and psychological health improves mood, emotional well-being, and prognostic outcome.

Objectives There are two aspects of our research paper. First, it critically reviews the available literature showing the correlation between physical exercise and depression. Second, it analyzes the association between exercise and depression in uncontrolled diabetic Hispanics using data collected from the local community intervention program.

Method A chi-square analysis was conducted to examine whether levels of physical activity reported at the baseline were associated with the frequency of depressed mood and anhedonia selfreported for the previous two weeks. This study utilized the use of the PHQ-2 scale for the assessment of depressive symptoms. The PHQ-2 scale is a useful tool to screen for depression in the integrated care setting. Participants from a local community intervention program were stratified on the basis of their gender and preferred language. Data were collected and represented in tables according to demographic characteristics.

Results Our study established a statistically significant association between the levels of physical activity and the frequency of depression symptoms among Spanish speaking participants from the local community intervention program. These results provide convincing evidence that biological, developmental, social, and psychological factors facilitate the association between physical activity and depression.

Comments

© Copyright 2019 Rizvi et al.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Publication Title

Cureus

DOI

10.7759/cureus.4981

Academic Level

resident

Mentor/PI Department

Psychiatry

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.