Although the lignan compound fargesin is a major ingredient in Shin-Yi, the roles of fargesin in carcinogenesis and cancer cell growth have not been elucidated. In this study, we observed that fargesin inhibited cell proliferation and transformation by suppression of epidermal growth factor (EGF)-stimulated G1/S-phase cell cycle transition in premalignant JB6 Cl41 and HaCaT cells. Unexpectedly, we found that signaling pathway analyses showed different regulation patterns in which fargesin inhibited phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT signaling without an alteration of or increase in mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) in JB6 Cl41 and HaCaT cells, while both signaling pathways were abrogated by fargesin treatment in colon cancer cells. We further found that fargesin-induced colony growth inhibition of colon cancer cells was mediated by suppression of the cyclin dependent kinase 2 (CDK2)/cyclin E signaling axis by upregulation of p21WAF1/Cip1, resulting in G1-phase cell cycle accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. Simultaneously, the suppression of CDK2/cyclin E and induction of p21WAF1/Cip1 were correlated with Rb phosphorylation and c-Myc suppression. Taken together, we conclude that fargesin-mediated c-Myc suppression inhibits EGF-induced cell transformation and colon cancer cell colony growth by the suppression of retinoblastoma (Rb)-E2F and CDK/cyclin signaling pathways, which are mainly regulated by MAPK and PKB signaling pathways.
Lee, G.-E.; Lee, C.-J.; An, H.-J.; Kang, H.C.; Lee, H.S.; Lee, J.Y.; Oh, S.-R.; Cho, S.-J.; Kim, D.J.; Cho, Y.-Y. Fargesin Inhibits EGF-Induced Cell Transformation and Colon Cancer Cell Growth by Suppression of CDK2/Cyclin E Signaling Pathway. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2021, 22, 2073. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22042073
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International Journal of Molecular Sciences