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Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a medical emergency that remains under-recognized and understudied. This study aimed to identify risk factors for the traumatic and non-traumatic presentation of ACS within a majority Hispanic population. A four-year retrospective analysis of medical records in a single institution revealed 26 with traumatic and 21 non-traumatic patients presenting with ACS. Traumatic ACS occurred in younger males following fractures, as previously described in the field. After controlling for age differences, non-traumatic ACS occurred in older patients with multiple comorbidities, increased use of statins, and anticoagulants as compared to the traumatic ACS group. A large proportion (80%) of the nontraumatic ACS group also presented with hypertension. Patients taking anticoagulants and statins should be carefully monitored for ACS development after non-traumatic qualifying events and advanced age. Further studies should identify how statins interact with the patients' racial/ethnic profile and the incidence of comorbidities to promote earlier identification and reduce morbidities.


© Copyright 2021 Bernal et al.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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