Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2015

Abstract

Purpose

Examine whether maternal asthma contributes to racial/ethnic differences in obstetric and neonatal complications.

Methods

Data on White (n=110,603), Black (n=50,284) and Hispanic (n=38,831) singleton deliveries came from the Consortium on Safe Labor. Multi-level logistic regression models, with an interaction term for asthma and race/ethnicity, estimated within-group adjusted odds ratios (aOR) for gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, placental abruption, premature rupture of membranes, preterm delivery, maternal hemorrhage, NICU admissions, small for gestational age (SGA), apnea, respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of the newborn, anemia and hyperbilirubinemia after adjustment for clinical and demographic confounders. Non-asthmatics of the same racial/ethnic group were the reference group.

Results

Compared to non-asthmatics, White asthmatics had increased odds of preeclampsia (aOR 1.28; 95% CI: 1.15–1.43) and maternal hemorrhage (1.14; 1.04–1.23). White and Hispanic infants were more likely to have NICU admissions (1.19; 1.11–1.28; 1.16; 1.02–1.32, respectively) and be SGA (1.11; 1.02–1.20; 1.26; 1.10–1.44, respectively) and Hispanic infants were more likely to have apnea (1.32; 1.02–1.69).

Conclusions

Maternal asthma did not impact most obstetric and neonatal complication risks within racial/ethnic groups. Despite their increased risk for both asthma and many complications, our findings for Black women were null. Asthma did not contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in complications.

Comments

© 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc. Original published version available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.annepidem.2015.01.011

Publication Title

Annals of Epidemiology

DOI

10.1016/j.annepidem.2015.01.011

Academic Level

faculty

Mentor/PI Department

Population Health and Biostatistics

Included in

Public Health Commons

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.