School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

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Background and Purpose:Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is effective for acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and NIHSS ≥6. However, EVT benefit for mild deficits LVOs (NIHSS

Methods: A retrospective cohort of patients with anterior circulation LVO and NIHSSoutcome; mRS=0–2 was the secondary. Symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) was the safety outcome. Clinical outcomes were compared through a multivariable logistic regression after adjusting for age, presentation NIHSS, time-last-seen-normal-to-presentation, center, IV-alteplase, ASPECTS, and thrombus location. We then performed propensity score matching as a sensitivity analysis. Results were also stratified by thrombus location.

Results: 214 patients (EVT-124, medical management-90) were included from 8 US and Spain centers between January/2012 and March/2017. The groups were similar in age, ASPECTS, IValteplase rate and time-last-seen-normal-to-presentation. There was no difference in mRS=0–1 between EVT and medical management (55.7% versus 54.4%, respectively, aOR=1.3, 95%CI=0.64–2.64, p=0.47). Similar results were seen for mRS=0–2 (63.3% EVT versus 67.8% medical management, aOR=0.9, 95%CI=0.43–1.88, p=0.77). In a propensity matching analysis, there was no treatment effect in 62 matched pairs (53.5%EVT, 48.4% medical management; OR=1.17, 95%CI=0.54–2.52, p=0.69). There was no statistically significant difference when stratified by any thrombus location; M1 approached significance (p=0.07). sICH rates were higher with thrombectomy (5.8% EVT versus 0% medical management, p=0.02).

Conclusions: Our retrospective multicenter cohort study showed no improvement in excellent and independent functional outcomes in mild strokes (NIHSS

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