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Purpose: Stereotactic ablative radiation (SAbR) has been increasingly used in prostate cancer (PCa) given its convenience and cost efficacy. Optimal doses remain poorly defined with limited prospective comparative trials and long-term safety/efficacy data at higher dose levels. We analyzed toxicity and outcomes for SAbR in men with localized PCa at escalated 45 Gy in 5 fractions.

Methods and Materials: This study retrospectively analyzed men from 2015 to 2019 with PCa who received linear-accelerator-based SAbR to 45 Gy in 5 fractions, along with perirectal hydrogel spacer, fiducial placement, and MRI-based planning. Disease control outcomes were calculated from end of treatment. Minimally important difference (MID) assessing patient-reported quality of life was defined as greater than a one-half standard deviation increase in American Urological Association (AUA) symptom score after SAbR.

Results: Two-hundred and forty-nine (249) low-, intermediate-, and high-risk PCa patients with median follow-up of 14.9 months for clinical toxicity were included. Acute urinary grade II toxicity occurred in 20.4% of patients. Acute grade II GI toxicity occurred in 7.3% of patients. For follow-up > 2 years (n = 69), late GU and GI grade ≥III toxicity occurred in 5.8% and 1.5% of patients, respectively. MID was evident in 31.8%, 23.4%, 35.8%, 37.0%, 33.3%, and 26.7% of patients at 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 months, respectively. The median follow-up for biochemical recurrence was 22.6 months with biochemical failure-free survival of 100% at 1 year (n = 226) and 98.7% for years 2 (n = 113) and 3 (n = 54).

Conclusions: SAbR for PCa at 45 Gy in 5 fractions shows an encouraging safety profile. Prospective studies with longer follow-up are warranted to establish this dose regimen as standard of care for PCa.


© 2022 Chen, Gannavarapu, Desai, Folkert, Dohopolski, Gao, Ahn, Cadeddu, Bagrodia, Woldu, Raj, Roehrborn, Lotan, Timmerman, Garant and Hannan.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Title

Frontiers in Oncology

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medical student



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