The differential contribution of monocyte subsets expressing the C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) to subclinical atherosclerosis in girls and boys is unclear. In this pilot study, we compared classical, intermediate, and nonclassical monocyte subsets expressing CCR2 in 33 obese children of both sexes aged 8 to 16 divided by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), considering values above the 75th percentile (p75) as abnormally high IMT. Obesity was defined as body mass index above the 95th percentile according to age and sex. Flow cytometry analyses revealed that boys but not girls with IMT ≥ p75 displayed increased CCR2+ cell percentage and CCR2 expression in the three monocyte subsets, compared to boys with IMT < p75. The CCR2+ cell percentage and CCR2 expression in the three monocyte subsets significantly correlated with increased IMT and insulin resistance in boys but not girls, where the CCR2+ nonclassical monocyte percentage had the strongest associations (r = 0.73 and r = 0.72, respectively). The role of CCR2+ monocyte subpopulations in identifying an abnormally high IMT shows a marked sexual dimorphism, where boys seem to be at higher subclinical atherosclerosis risk than girls. View Full-Text
Garcés-Hernández MJ, Pedraza-Escudero K, Garibay-Nieto N, Hernández-Ruiz J, Prieto-Chávez JL, Arriaga-Pizano LA, Villanueva-Ortega E, Escobedo G, Manjarrez-Reyna AN, López-Alvarenga JC, Pérez-Hernández JL, Queipo-García G. The CCR2+ Monocyte Subsets Increase in Obese Boys but Not Girls with Abnormally High Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: A Pilot Study. Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease. 2022; 9(10):330. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcdd9100330
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Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Population Health and Biostatistics