Can Dental Cement Composition Affect Dental Implant Success?

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Cement-retained restorations on dental implants are a well-established method to replace missing teeth. However, undetected residual cement left during crown cementation procedures encourages microorganism growth, and it has been identified as a risk factor for peri-implant disease. Currently, there is no official guidance for dental cement selection, and the increasing variety of available compositions intensifies the complexity of the clinicians’ decision process. The present study aimed to evaluate the in vitro host and bacterial cellular response to four different commercial dental cements as well as their effects on cement surface morphology. Disk specimens (n = 3) of bioceramic, zinc phosphate, resin-modified glass ionomer, and resin cements were exposed to host (murine pre-osteoblasts, human gingival fibroblasts, and undifferentiated human macrophages) and oral bacterial (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans) cells. Results indicated that oral bacteria degraded the cement surface, but bacterial viability was not significantly affected by the presence of dental cement. Conversely, the biocompatibility and morphology of host cells were severely impacted by the cement composition. Only the bioceramic cement achieved >70% viability for all cell lines investigated. Within the limitations of this study, the results indicated the importance of considering the biological interactions of a dental cement composition during selection as it played a significant role in the host cellular response and the degree of surface degradation due to bacterial attack.


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ACS biomaterials science & engineering

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