Document Type


Publication Date



Reproductive structures of the seagrass, Halodule wrightii Ascherson (shoal grass) are cryptic and ephemeral, but were found on several occasions at several sites over more than a decade in the subtropical Laguna Madre (USA). Structures align with descriptions for H. wrightii. Male, but no female flowers were found, but the numerous fruit-bearing shoots imply the occurrence of pistillate flowers. Mean seed bank density was 890 seeds m-2 (1900–5200 m-2). Sexual reproduction in H. wrightii is more common than previously believed and the seed bank reserve may contribute to its ecological role as a colonizer of disturbed sediments.


The final publication is available at

Publication Title

Botanica Marina



Included in

Biology Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.