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Objective: To explore the impact of oxidative insults on mitochondrial dynamics. In mammalian cells, oxidative insults activate stress response pathways including inflammation, cytokine secretion, and apoptosis. Intriguingly, mitochondria are emerging as a sensitive network that may function as an early indicator of subsequent cellular stress responses. Mitochondria form a dynamic network, balancing fusion, mediated by optic atrophy-1 (OPA1), and fission events, mediated by dynamin-related protein-1 (DRP1), to maintain homeostasis.

Methods: Here, we examine the impact of oxidative insults on mitochondrial dynamics in 143B osteosarcoma and H9c2 cardiomyoblast cell lines via confocal microscopy, flow cytometry, and protein-based analyses.

Results: When challenged with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), a ROS donor, both cell lines display fragmentation of the mitochondrial network and loss of fusion-active OPA1 isoforms, indicating that OPA1-mediated mitochondrial fusion is disrupted by oxidative damage in mammalian cells. Consistent with this, cells lacking OMA1, a key protease responsible for cleavage of OPA1, are protected against OPA1 cleavage and mitochondrial fragmentation in response to H2O2 challenge.

Discussion: Taken together, these findings indicate that oxidative insults damage OPA1-mediated mitochondrial dynamics in mammalian cells via activation of OMA1, consistent with an emerging role for mitochondrial dynamics as an early indicator of cellular stress signaling.


© 2018 The Author(s).

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Publication Title

Redox Report



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Biology Commons



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