Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Curriculum & Instruction

First Advisor

Dr. Bobbette Morgan

Second Advisor

Dr. Laura Jewett

Third Advisor

Dr. Ming-Tsan Lu


The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of computer-based-instruction (CBI) and multimedia when used as an intervention with upper elementary students experiencing reading difficulties on the State of Texas Assessment of Academic Readiness (STAAR) Reading Assessments. The researcher employed a quantitative, causal-comparative research design for this study. A Texas supplemental reading program, the Istation Advanced Reading Program, was used as a Response to Intervention (RTI) for those at-risk students of failing their Reading STAAR Test in the fourth grade and to sustain an effective reading program district-wide.

Archived data was collected from three South Texas Title I elementary public schools for the academic school years 2015 to 2016 and 2016 to 2017. Throughout the school year, non-at-risk and at-risk students were monitored by using the Istation Indicators of Progress (ISIP). The district’s elementary schools placed all the fourth-grade students in a reading intervention program according to their third grade STAAR reading scaled scores. Descriptive Statistics was used as part of the data analysis strategy. Group Report comparisons detected significant changes on their reading achievement with the ISIP scores. The students’ Istation (ISIP) scores results demonstrated the effect of Istation on the reading comprehension skills needed for the 2017 Fourth-Grade STAAR Reading Assessment.


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