Theses and Dissertations
Effects of Global Warming on Gonadal Functions, Cellular Apoptosis, and Oxidative Stress in the American Oyster
Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Ocean, Coastal, and Earth Sciences
Dr. MD Saydur Rahman
Dr. Jude Benavides
Dr. Abdullah Faiz Rahman
Global warming due to climate change is predicted to intensify the heat stress in marine and coastal organisms, affecting their development, growth and reproductive functions. In this study. I analyzed gonadal development, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), nitrotyrosine protein (NTP), dinitrophenyl (DNP) expressions, cellular apoptosis, and coelomic fluid (CF) conditions in American oyster. Oysters were placed in six aquariums and exposed to control (24°C), medium (28°C), and high (32°C) temperatures for one week. Higher temperature significantly decreased the number of eggs and sperm. CF protein concentrations also declined compared to control. In contrast, CF pH and HSP70 expression in gonad increased after heat-exposure, consistent with increased gonadal apoptosis. The enhanced apoptosis in gonads of heat-exposed oysters was associated with increased NTP and DNP expressions in gametes. Collectively, these results suggest that higher temperatures drastically increased oxidative stress leading to increased cellular apoptosis, which subsequently declined gonadal functions in American oyster.
Nash, Sarah B., "Effects of Global Warming on Gonadal Functions, Cellular Apoptosis, and Oxidative Stress in the American Oyster" (2019). Theses and Dissertations. 558.
Animal Sciences Commons, Earth Sciences Commons, Environmental Sciences Commons, Oceanography and Atmospheric Sciences and Meteorology Commons
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