Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Rehabilitation Counseling

First Advisor

Dr. Irmo D. Marini

Second Advisor

Dr. Ralph Carlson

Third Advisor

Dr. Bruce Reed


The purpose of this study was to identify a relationship between perceived Quality of Life and religious/spiritual beliefs. Additionally, it aimed to explore relationships between perceived QOL and age, gender, ethnicity, education level, and Socioeconomic Status (SES). The research question examined in this study was: What is the relationship between perceived quality of life and spiritual beliefs, education level, socioeconomic status, age gender, and ethnicity in cancer patients and cancer survivors? A total of 100 cancer patients or cancer survivors were surveyed for this study. A regression analysis was conducted to explore relationships among the variables; the alpha level was set at a .05. Then, the six predictors were examined through standardized beta coefficients to find individual differences and in what amount these predictors accounted for the variance. The research hypothesis was accepted as it showed statistical significance in the relationship between perceived QOL and religious/spiritual beliefs in cancer patients and cancer survivors .70 (F = 9.92; 8, 84, p < .05, p < .01; p < .001). The interpretation of the standardized beta coefficient indicates that age, Hispanic ethnicity, and spirituality were all significant at the p < .05 level. However, age accounts for only 4% of the variance and Hispanic Ethnicity explains only 4% of the variance. The degree of religious/spiritual beliefs explains approximately 44% of the variance. There was no significant relationship among socioeconomic status, gender, or education level and perceived quality of life. The results are indicative of the importance of incorporating sensitivity on cancer patients' and cancer survivors’ spiritual beliefs in rehabilitation counseling.


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