Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Dr. Nazmul Islam

Second Advisor

Dr. Samir Iqbal

Third Advisor

Dr. Yong Zhou


The miniaturized systems designed for lab-on-a-chip (LOC) technologies are generally implemented with a micro-scale mixer to provide intimate contact between the reagent molecules for interactions and chemical reactions. The exponential increase of research in microfabrication and microfluidic applications highlights the importance of understanding the theory and mechanism that governs mixing at the microscale level. In this study, the fabrication of an active and passive micromixer was discussed. The optimized state of art soft lithography and 3D printing was used as a microfabrication technique. The challenges at different fabrication steps were presented along with the modifications. Microelectrodes were integrated with the active microfluidic mixer to create an electrokinetic effect. The fluid flow field inside the micromixerwas characterized by the Micro Particulate Image Velocimetry (Micro-PIV) system. Besides, numerical simulations were performed on 2D and 3D micromixers. Finally, results obtained in experiment and numerical simulations were analyzed to get a better understanding of the micromixer design.


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