Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies (MAIS)



First Advisor

Dr. Rosalynn A. Vega

Second Advisor

Dr. Margaret Graham

Third Advisor

Dr. Servando Hinojosa


This study examines the increasing rate of cesarean birth in Bangladesh through the lens of the population control program. Based on three months of data collection, the study explores various politics of the government’s population control program, leading me to argue that cesarean birth is an implicit way of controlling overpopulation in Bangladesh since it limits women’s reproductive choices and thus contributes to population control. Using ethnographic vignettes, I discuss how my research findings point to the government’s disparate population control politics and how this has given rise to various forms of obstetric violence against women. The study also addresses cesarean birth and obstetric violence as forms of “reproductive governance”—mechanisms to control women’s reproduction. This thesis concludes by recommending further studies on the connection between cesarean birth and population control from a cross-cultural perspective.


Copyright 2021 Sadia Sharmin. All Rights Reserved.

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