Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


English as a Second Language

First Advisor

Dr. Minhee Eom

Second Advisor

Dr. Pamela Anderson-Meijas

Third Advisor

Dr. Yong Lang


This study investigates whether Graphic Organizers (GOs) are effective for various groups of undergraduate students at the University of Texas-Pan American on their reading comprehension. Thirty-five research participants were classified into groups by their language background (NSE, G 1.5 and ESLLs); levels of reading proficiency (low, middle, high); and levels of graphic skills (low, middle, high). The findings are based on between- and within-group comparisons of mean scores in the pretest and the posttest taken by the students. The GO tasks scores helped to consider correlations between students’ levels of graphic skills and their reading comprehension performance. Results revealed GOs benefited low skilled readers and high graphic skills ones in their reading comprehension but not learners of different language backgrounds.


Copyright 2010 Trang Phan. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American