Theses and Dissertations - UTB/UTPA

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)


Special Education

First Advisor

Dr. Laura M. Saenz

Second Advisor

Dr. Jo Ann Mitchell Burns

Third Advisor

Dr. Marie Simonsson


The following study took place within the Academic Compliance Training program at Cathey Middle School in McAllen, Texas. Off-task papers were implemented as a nonverbal intervention during inappropriate behavior occurring after students were given directions for independent assignments. An A-B design was utilized to demonstrate a functional relationship between the independent variable, off-task papers administered as a nonverbal intervention, and dependent variable, operationally defined as all academically off-task behavior. The results of this study suggest that using off-task papers as a nonverbal intervention effectively reduces academically off-task behavior during independent seatwork.


Copyright 2004 Pamela R. Vancleef. All Rights Reserved.

Granting Institution

University of Texas-Pan American