This paper demonstrates a phase tunable holographic fabrication of three-dimensional photonic lattice structures using a single optical element. A top-cut four-side prism is employed to generate five-beam three-dimensional interference patterns. A silica glass slide is inserted into the optical path to adjust the phase of one interfering beam relative to other four beams. The phase control of the interfering laser beam renders the lattice of the interference pattern from a face-center tetragonal symmetry into a high contrast, interconnecting diamondlike symmetry. This method provides a flexible approach to fabricating three-dimensional photonic lattices with improved photonic band structures.
Xu, D., Chen, K. P., Harb, A., Rodriguez, D., Lozano, K., & Lin, Y. (2009). Phase tunable holographic fabrication for three-dimensional photonic crystal templates by using a single optical element. Applied Physics Letters, 94(23), 231116. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3149705
Applied Physics Letters