Relative to the large body of work in the broader strategic HRM (SHRM) literature, knowledge about determinants of SMEs’ approaches to HRM remains limited. We argue that heterogeneity in the use of high performance work practices (HPWPs) is influenced by top managers’ exposure and attention to information obtained via environmental scanning. Invoking an attention-based view (ABV), we develop hypotheses suggesting that competition tracking, participation in trade associations, and social network embeddedness will be associated with greater use of HPWPs. We also propose direct and moderating roles for top managers’ perceptions of competitive intensity. We test our hypotheses using a database comprised of a combination of archival data and mail survey responses from 260 agricultural SMEs located in geographical clusters. Our results broadly support this study’s hypotheses and contribute to a better understanding of the role of top managers’ environmental scanning in the shaping of HPWPs in SMEs.
Javier Martínez-del-Río, Pingshu Li & James P. Guthrie (2021) Antecedents of high performance work practices in SMEs: an attention-based view, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, DOI: 10.1080/09585192.2021.1991431
The International Journal of Human Resource Management
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