School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

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In this article, a finite element model is implemented to analyze hydro-thermal convective flow in a porous medium. The mathematical model encompasses Darcy’s law for incompressible fluid behavior, which is coupled with a convection-diffusion-type energy equation to characterize the temperature in the porous medium. The current investigation presents an efficient, stable, and accurate finite element discretization for the hydro-thermal convective flow model. The well-posedness of the proposed discrete Galerkin finite element formulation is guaranteed due to the decoupling property and the linearity of the numerical method. Computational experiments confirm the optimal convergence rates for a manufactured solution. Several numerical results are obtained for the variations of the hydraulic resistivity and thermal diffusivity. In the present study, the bottom wall is maintained at a constant higher hot temperature while side vertical walls are thermally insulated and the top wall is maintained at a constant cold temperature. Heat transfer rates at the heated bottom wall are presented in terms of local Nusselt number. A linear variation in hydraulic resistivity and a quadratic variation in thermal diffusivity show an increase in the heat transfer rate.

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