Impact of Specialized Nursery Care for Late Preterm Infants on NICU Admission Rate and Length of Stay
Objective To compare neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission rates and length of stay (LOS) of late preterm infants (LPIs) born before and after opening a specialized care nursery (SCN) at our academic, pediatric tertiary care center with 4,500 total deliveries annually
Study Design Retrospective chart review of inborn LPIs (350/7–366/7 weeks) who were asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic at birth and delivered 7 months before the opening of the SCN (pre-SCN) or 7 months subsequently (post-SCN). Infants were excluded for major congenital anomalies or other conditions requiring immediate NICU admission. The pre-SCN options for care were standard couplet care or NICU. The postSCN options for care were standard couplet care, SCN, or NICU.
Results Pre-SCN (n ¼ 109), 73 (67%) infants received standard couplet care, while 36 (33%) infants were ever admitted/transferred to the NICU. Post-SCN (n ¼ 112), 59 (53%) infants received standard couplet care, while 20 (18%) were ever admitted/transferred to the NICU. A total of 33 (29%) infants were admitted/transferred to the SCN and avoided a NICU stay. Median LOS for all infants was 3 days.
Conclusion The frequency of LPIs admitted/transferred to the NICU decreased by 50% after the opening of the SCN. LOS did not differ by birth cohort, but did differ significantly by location of care (standard couplet care < SCN < NICU).
Hunt, L., Hallford, G., Robledo, C., Szyld, E., & Song, C. (2015). Impact of Specialized Nursery Care for Late Preterm Infants on NICU Admission Rate and Length of Stay. American Journal of Perinatology, 32(13), 1198–1204. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1552938
American Journal of Perinatology
Population Health and Biostatistics