Effects of green tea and bisphosphonate association on dental socket repair of rats

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Objectives: To evaluate the effects of green tea intake and zoledronic acid intravenous therapy on teeth socket repair.

Design: Sixty male albinus Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: C-Control, intravenous (IV) 0.9% saline solution (SS), GT-1% green tea in drinking water and IV SS, BP-IV zoledronic acid (BP), and BP+GT-IV BP and 1% green tea. 0.035mg/kg of BP was administered every two weeks. After ten weeks, right upper molars were extracted and the green tea started to be offered for GT and BP+GT. After 7, 14, and 28days the animals were euthanized.

Results: Histopathology analysis revealed lack of socket repair in BP and BP+GT groups, which presented significant increased number of polimorphonuclear leukocytes at day 28, in comparison with C (p<0.05). No significant differences were detected between C and the experimental groups at the same period (p<0.05) when considering mononuclear leukocytes. Immunolabeling revealed that the association of BP and GT caused a slight disturbance in OPG/RANKL system and retarded Runx-2 labeling. Although strong TRAP labeling was observed, most of the positive cells in BP and BP+GT groups were not located on bone surface.

Conclusions: Socket healing of rats treated with BP and regular drinking green tea presented no relevant differences in comparison to those treated with BP alone.


Original published version available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2016.12.001

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Archives of oral biology

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