Defect, doping and particle size play important roles on the optical performance of nanophosphors. In this study, undoped La2Zr2O7 NPs (LZO) displayed multicolor emission under UV irradiation due to the presence of ionized oxygen vacancies in the band gap. In addition, we explored the effect of particle size of La2Zr2O7:Eu3+ (LZOE) NPs on their structure, surface area, photoluminescence, radioluminescence, lifetime and quantum yield. There is progressive decrease in luminescence output and quantum yield as the coprecipitation pH is raised to prepare the single-source precursors for the molten salt synthesis of the NPs. Under X-ray irradiation, the LZOE NPs emit red light highlighting their potential as X-ray scintillator. We explained the experimental observations based on surface defect analogy. The experimentally obtained emission in violet-blue and red optical regions is correlated to defect related emission. High asymmetry ratio suggested low symmetric environment of Eu3+ ions in the LZO host and the occupancy of Eu3+ ions is more favorable at LaO8 site compared to ZrO6 site. Emission spectra of the LZOE also showed favorable host to dopant (Eu3+) energy transfer. This work provides a clear picture of making highly efficient red phosphor and X-ray scintillator for applications in optoelectronics and X-ray induced theranostics.
Gupta, Santosh K., Maya Abdou, Jose P. Zuniga, Partha S. Ghosh, Enrique Molina, Ben Xu, Mircea Chipara, and Yuanbing Mao. "Roles of oxygen vacancies and pH induced size changes on photo-and radioluminescence of undoped and Eu3+-doped La2Zr2O7 nanoparticles." Journal of Luminescence 209 (2019): 302-315. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2019.01.059
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Journal of Luminescence