Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Randall Monty

Second Advisor

Dr. Rob Johnson

Third Advisor

Dr. Genevieve Garcia de Mueller


The engineer of the Beat Movement, Jack Kerouac, began his writing career as an ELL. Kerouac’s Spontaneous Prose helped him navigate through language acquisition to establish rhetoric in English, and empowered other Beat Writers to expressively develop their thoughts. Spontaneous Prose can also help other ELLs develop their own rhetorical agency. For ELL writers, writing in English often makes them feel disenfranchised, disempowered, and discouraged. However, Spontaneous Prose as a pedagogical tool empowers ELL writers to begin the process of transculturally repositioning themselves in using writing as a form of rhetorical expression. This study investigates the pedagogical effectiveness of Spontaneous Prose as a writing method for ELLs. It analyzes data from two secondary ESL English courses, one taught with Spontaneous Prose, and evaluates effectiveness of the method through journal entries, surveys, and interviews. Additionally, the researcher employs a hybrid methodology, Data Hexad, to evaluate what factors dominantly influence the participants.


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