Association between Helicobacter Pylori infection and stroke: a meta-analysis of 273,135 patients
Stroke stands among the most leading causes of mortality worldwide. Although modifiable risk factors for stroke have been identified, current risk factors do not sufficiently explain the risk in young patients. Previous studies have postulated an association between infection by Helicobacter pylori (HP) and stroke.
To investigate the association between HP infection and stroke by using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach.
Four electronic search engines/libraries were systematically searched for relevant observational studies. Studies were screened for eligibility and data were extracted. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were combined under the random-effect model. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019123689).
Among the included studies, 25 studies were analyzed for anti-HP IgG, 9 studies were for anti-Cag A, and 6 studies were for the C-urea breath test. The results showed that positive anti-HP IgG was significantly associated with an increased risk of stroke [OR (95% CI) = 1.43 (1.25–1.46)]. Similarly, both antiCag A and C-urea breath test were significantly associated with an increased risk of stroke with [OR (95% CI) = 1.77 (1.25–2.49)], and [OR (95% CI) = 2.21 (1.33–3.66)], respectively. Furthermore, our results indicated that positive anti-HP IgG was associated with stroke caused by atherothrombosis and small artery disease.
This study suggests that HP infection is significantly associated with increased risk of stroke. However, more well-designed studies are required to investigate if early HP eradication might decrease the incidence of stroke.
Doheim, M.F., Altaweel, A.A., Elgendy, M.G. et al. Association between Helicobacter Pylori infection and stroke: a meta-analysis of 273,135 patients. J Neurol 268, 3238–3248 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00415-020-09933-x